## Digital Physics and Gravitation; Probabilistic, Relativistic, Kinetic, Entropic

© S.Zoledziowski and Paul E. Platt 2014

In Science we cannot hurry. Tht big advert on TV , which probably you have also seen said that after spending 1billion dollars (1 Bilion!!!) and 14 years physicists in USA have measured gravitation wave from distant Black Hole. I have spent as much time to develope this book.

**Your sincerly Stan Zoledziowski New gravitation and physics available in iUniverse 2016 book**

WEB page of S.Zoledziowski and Paul E. Platt referring to their research book “Digital Physics and Gravitation, *Probabilistic, Relativistic, Kinetic, Entropic with Integer Physical Constants* Copyright © S.Zoledziowski and Paul E. Platt 2014 (free for research and teaching )

The research studies have shown that events in our reality can be seen from three perspectives.

**In classic SI system, the first perspective of physics**, particles, are immobile and radiations move with velocity of light of *c* = 299 792 458 m/s. Two minor faults are that energy is fed at the source and its component not interacting with the receiver is not recognized. Further the constants *ε _{o} *and

*μ*express radiation energy levels and are not physical constants. SI system does not discuss variations between sun radiation containing electron frequencies and their absence in earth radiations. Although the classical SI system has built our fantastic technology it is inadequate for solving accurately atomic problems and gravitation.

_{o}**The second perspective** sees particles moving at local velocities 1/4 *c _{s},* 1/2

*c*1/3

_{s},*c*with

_{s }*c*= 300 000 000 m/s, a value differing only by explainable amount from recent measurement by C.E.R.N. due to the proposed now presence two new physical constants attributed to energy of independent electron

_{s }*k*= 1×10

_{selec}^{-26}J and

*h*= 1×10

_{selec }^{-36}J-s. Above model was proposed by first author in 2009 and improved in stages. Velocity of light in integer SI model is

*c*= 1/1.111…

_{s }^{1/2}x 1/√

*ε*. High gravity around sun establishes cubic system of radiation orientations, in which Fleming’s LHR (Left Hand Rules) display its components: force (thump), magnetic flux (pointing finger) and current (third finger). Components of LHR discharged in sequence from corners of the cubic geometry generate radiations moving towards earth with currents summed to zero so that photons does not carry current or charge with spin

_{os}μ_{os}*μ*=1x10

_{os}^{-6}J and linear proton momentum energy

*ε*= 1x10

_{o}^{-11}J. After 14 years of research it has been found that sun temperature of 6000 K is delivered in one plane as 2000 K in four 500 K pulses, which is balanced by three earth 300 K pulses discharged from corner of cubic geometry generating √3 x 300 K ≈ 500 K. Sun not only deliver the integer SI gravitation force 3600x10

^{22}N, but also force for earth repulsion requiring 8x10

^{22}W. When earth pulse is accelerated and converted to 500 K, velocity of 300 K pulse is also increased to

*c*validating strongly the process postulated. At atomic level Boltzmann’s

_{s}*k*

_{s }=*ε*/1×10

_{os}^{12}Hz expresses energy of space per cycle of proton frequency. Planck’s

*h*

_{s }=*ε*. The local velocities created a new set of integer physical constants differing from the classical values by relativity and quantum corrections. These constants are derived directly from Planck units. Introducing these constants into most of classical physical laws or expressions derived essentially the same energies as using the classical SI units. The integer kinetic model uncovered several new aspects of physics, hidden in the classical SI system. Correct results clearly indicate that radiation has 17 degrees of freedom in space. The second perspective attributes three frequencies to hydrogen atom: proton, electron and (proton+electron). The spin is attributed to protons inducing gravitation. In this perspective the original waves are converted to pulses by internal reflection. These spectacular findings still missed a fundamental aspect of physics.

_{os}^{3}**In the third perspective **all received signals express** **probability The cubic geometry brings the probability of 1/6 to get radiation in the right orientation, because radiations have equal chance of radiation in six orientations, the only ones needing consideration. Then two particles needed for power have to be in the required orientations requiring probability 1/6 x1/6 as in the game of six sided dice. Three planes increase the probability proportionally to 3x1/6x1/6. Inverse of probability (12) is the rate of event occurrence at the source generating a unity event at the receiver. Two events at right angle to radiation orientation do not radiate to the receiver, while 5 orientations directed backwards may be reflected changing the wave into a pulse producing the event rate:

1/(3x1/6x1/6) – 2 = 10

The resultant probability 1/10 has been placed on front pages of several author’s books. Probability, input rate, relativity corrections are all the parameters needed to formulate the fundamental processes generating velocity of light in the third equivalent **Probabilistic model of physics**. Acceptance of the Relativity SI model needs only agreement on relativity corrections and true independence of events at angles sin^{-1}(1/√2) = ~35^{0 }to source-receiver axis. Probability is not mobile, so to accept its validity it is necessary to transform a static probability of unity to a relativistic SI particle moving with velocity of light. This has been done in three 1/10 probability steps of wave function format using SI to atomic 1D (one dimensional) converter 1x10^{-10}, expressing unity in 1D (1/3) and correcting for relativity 1.111…^{1/2}. The square wave function of triple probabilities 1/10 generates velocity of light, as explained in next five equations, and **identifies unity probability, the event, with the Relativitic SI radiation mass of proton **of 1x10^{-27} kg:

[1 x 1x10^{-10} x 1/3/1.11…^{1/2}] X [1/10] X[1/10] X[1/10] X

[1 x 1x10^{-10} x 1/3/1.11…^{1/2}] X [1/10] X[1/10] X[1/10] ≡ 1 x 10^{-27} kg ≡ 1 proton, which at velocity of light 3x10^{8} m/s derives 3x10^{-19} = 3 *e _{s }*and 1/10 = (

*Ɛ*

_{os}/*µ*

*)*

_{os}^{1/5}r

**The fourth perspective of physics** identifies the particle interactions as elastic kinetics. Such interactions have no units of time or length (distance). In this perspective the sets of SI units of the classical system and of the kinetic integer system become irrelevant. Numerically correct relations derive event frequency or probability becoming proper description of the event. The fourth perspective is based on cubic geometry with radiation directions being formed by the extra high gravitation forces of the sun. The rules of probability are those of dice game and the rules of elastic kinetics are well known to pool players. Particles interactions generate results derived from reference event probability. The solely outcome is the probability of reference event occurrence or its invert expressing event rate or its frequency. So when units do not degree in equation, but display good numerical agreement they should not be rejected. **The fourth perspective of physics applies particularly to plants having no vision **and it** **displays limitations of the classical and the relativistic integer SI models without **negating them.**

**The most important mathematical statements of physics describes ***the process of the generation of directed radiation and velocity*** ***of light*** without which the Universe and life could not exist**. Sun temperature in interacting plane si 2000 K radiated as four pulses of 500 K. The earth temperature of 300 K needs be incremented by ~√3 to gain this value. LHR has motion component pushing photon along sun-earth axes. Currents components are directed sequentially towards the proton with four pulses increasing velocity of proton from 1x10^{8 }m/s to 3x10^{8 } generating velocity of light in four √2 incremental steps (√2)^{4}/1.111…3 x1,**04 ^{7/16}**= 3. Currents are summed to zero with no charge in the photon. Photon carries 1/3 of its energy in gravitation and 2/3 in heat. All you see are photons, or their sums, from individual proton radiations carrying both heat and gravitations. Space has been found empty requiring replacing potential barriers by density of injected particles. Data from standard model may be fitted to data from the in